Hubungan Simtom Depresi terhadap Perilaku Merokok pada Pasien Skizofrenia di Rumah Sakit Jiwa Prof. Dr. H. M. Ildrem Medan

Sri Rizky Ayunita, Nanda Sari Nuralita

Abstract


Abstrak: Skizofrenia merupakan suatu deskripsi sindrom dengan variasi penyebab (belum diketahui) dan perjalanan penyakit (tak selalu bersifat kronis atau “deteriorating”) yang luas, serta sejumlah akibat yang tergantung pada perimbangan pengaruh genetik, fisik, dan sosial budaya. Gejala depresi pada pasien skizofrenia dapat dikaitkan dengan tekanan yang signifikan, dan bisa terjadi sepanjang semua fase. Termasuk fase prodromal, episode psikotik akut dan fase post-psychotic. Individu dengan gangguan skizofrenia memiliki frekuensi merokok 1,5-2 kali lebih tinggi dibanding populasi umum.Individu dengan gangguan skizofrenia rata-rata menghisap sebanyak 25 batang rokok tiap harinya. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan simtom depresi dengan perilaku merokok pada pasien skizofrenia di RSJ Prof. Dr. M. Ildrem Medan. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode analitik kategorik dengan menggunakan desain cross-sectional. Data BDI-II yang diperoleh dari 81 sampel kemudian dilakukan analisa dengan uji Chi-Square. Hasil uji Chi-Square menunjukkan bahwa terdapat hubungan simtom depresi dengan perilaku merokok dengan nilai p=0,001 (<0,05). Simpulan, pasien skizofrenia yang mengalami depresi berat lebih banyak yang merokok.

Kata kunci: skizofrenia, gangguan depresi, BDI-II, perilaku merokok.

 

Relation of Depression Symptom to Smoking Behavior in Schizophrenic Patients in Mental Hospital Prof. Dr. H. M. Ildrem Medan

 

Abstract: Schizophrenia is a description of the syndrome with a variety of causes (not necessarily chronic or "worsening"), and additional consequences that depend on the balance of genetic, physical, and sociocultural influences. Symptoms of depression in schizophrenic patients can be associated with significant pressure, and can occur throughout all phases. Includes prodromal phase, acute psychotic episodes and post-psychotic phase. Individual with schizophrenic disorders have a smoking frequency of 1.5 to 2 times higher than the general population. Individuals with schizophrenic disorder averaged about 25 cigarettes everyday. This research aim to know the relation of symptom of depression with smoking behavior in schizophrenic patient in RSJ Dr. M. Ildrem Medan. from May until September 2017. The method is categorical analytics using cross-sectional design. The BDI-II the data generated from 81 samples was then performed with Chi-Square. Chi-Square test results show the relationship of depression symptom with smoking behavior with value p=0,001 (<0,05). Conclusion, severe depressed schizophrenic patients are more likely to smoke.
Keywords: schizophrenia, depression disorder, BDI-II, smoking behavio
r.



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