EFL Learners’ Surface Taxonomic Errors of Using Appropriate Verbs in Writing Descriptive Text

Azizah Husda, Fachri Yunanda, Anis Anggraini Siregar


This article dealt with surface taxonomic errors of using appropriate verbs in writing descriptive text. The objectives are to investigate the types of common errors done by EFL learners by describing the dominant errors and also to elaborate on the reason why the learners did the errors in the descriptive text. The subjects of this research consist of 30 Senior High learners from some schools as the representative samples. Descriptive Qualitative Method with a case study design applies to the research. In collecting the data, essay tests and interviews were used. Findings show that there were some types of surface taxonomic errors such as misformation with 110 (60,11%) errors, omissions with 45 (24,59%) errors, addition with 16 (8,74%) errors, and misordering with 12 (6,55%) errors. Thus, misformation is the dominant type found. All of the errors committed to 183 of using appropriate verbs in writing descriptive text. Beyond the dominant errors such as misformation and omission, the errors occurred because some learners put the wrong tenses and verbs. Furthermore, the learners had less comprehension in structures related to the organization of the descriptive text.


Surface Taxonomy; Errors; Descriptive Text

Full Text:



Abi, S. N. (2003). An Analysis of Errors in Arabic Speakers’ English Writings. http://abisamra03.tripod.com/nada/languageacq-erroranalysis.html.Artono, et. al . 2008. English in Focus: for Grade VII Junior High School (SMP/MTs). Jakarta : Pusat Perbukuan, DEPIKNAS.

Brown, D. H. 2000. Principles of Language Learning & Teaching. (4th ed.). New York: Longman.

Dulay, H. et.al. 1982. Language Two. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Ellis, R. 2008. The Study of Second Language Acquisition (2nd ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Foster, J. (2005). Good Reason for Noting Bad Grammar: Empirical Investigations into the Parsing of Unggrammatical Written English. PhD thesis, Trinity College, University of Dublin, Dublin, Ireland.

Miles , et. al. 2014. Qualitative data Analysis. Jakarta: UI Press.

Pardiyono. 2007. Pasti bisa. Yogyakarta: Andi.

Rahmawati, R. (2011). Error Analysis on the Use of Simple Present Tense in Paper Assignment of Writing Subject Made by the Fourth Semester Students of English Department at STAIN Salatiga in the Academi Year of 2011/2012. Unpublished Thesis. STAIN English Department: Salatiga.

Setiyadi, A. B., Sukirlan, M., & Mahpul, . (2016). How Successful Learners Employ Learning Strategies in an EFL Setting in the Indonesian Context. English Language Teaching, 9(8), 28. https://doi.org/10.5539/elt.v9n8p28

Siahaan, et. al. 2008. Generic Text Structure. Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu.

Vahdatinejad, S. (2008). Learners’ Error Analysis and Attitude towards Teacher Feedback Using a Selected Software: a Case Study. Unpublished Masters Thesis. Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30596%2Fetlij.v1i2.5011


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.