Shadowing Technique on Students’ Listening Word Recognition

Rini Ekayati


Language learning demands the learners to provide themselves with basic language skills. One of the skills is listening. One aspect of listening skills is word recognition. Related to that issue, the objective of this research was to find out the significant effect of shadowing technique on students' listening in word recognition. This study followed the Experimental research method. The researcher took SMP Muhammadiyah 02 Pahlawan, Medan, A.Y 2019/2020  as the study location. The population of this research was the eighth-grade students. Since there were only two classes in the eighth grade, this study took the population as the sample. The researcher used one class as the experimental group and the other class as the control group. Each class consisted of 30 students. The instruments of the data collection were listening tests. The researchers administrated the tests as the pre-test and post-test to both experimental and control groups. Based on the data analysis, the result shows that applying the shadowing technique influences students’ listening ability in word recognition, which was proven by the result of the t-test. The t-score was higher than t-cv (5.2915 > 2.024), = 0.05, at  df = 28. In other words, the alternative hypothesis (Ha) was accepted, and the null hypothesis (H0) was rejected; the effect of shadowing technique on the students' listening in word recognition was 63.80% and 36.20% from the other factors.


listening, shadowing technique, experimental quantitative research


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