Analysis Of Coffee Production In Indonesia

Elvin Desi Martauli

Abstract


Indonesia is one of the largest coffee producing and exporting countries in the world, where coffee crops also contribute to the Indonesian economy. In general there are two types of coffee grown on Indonesian coffee plantations namely Robusta and Arabica Coffee. Robusta coffee is a coffee that has a higher production when compared with arabica coffee. Until now, the total area, production and productivity of coffee plantations in Indonesia, both from Robusta coffee and arabica coffee are still dominated by public plantation (PR) with 95.37% of coffee area. The area of coffee production in Indonesia is estimated to be about 1.3 million hectares, spread across North Sumatra, Java, and Sulawesi. Robusta coffee is commonly planted by farmers in South Sumatra, Lampung and East Java, whereas arabica coffee is commonly planted by farmers in Aceh, North Sumatra, South Sulawesi, Bali and Flores.



Keywords


Arabica Coffee; Robusta Coffee; Indonesian Coffee Production


Full Text:

PDF

References


Asmarantaka WR. 2008. Farm Household Analysis and Coffee Market Integration in Indonesia. Jurnal Agribisnis dan Ekonomi Pertanian 2(1);39-52.

Defitri. Y. 2016. Pengamatan Beberapa Penyakit Yang Menyerang Tanaman Kopi (Coffea Sp) Di Desa Mekar Jaya Kecamatan Betara Kabupaten Tanjung Jabung Barat. Jurnal Media Pertanian 1(2); 78 – 84.

Direktorat Jenderal Perkebunan. 2018. Outlock 2017 Komoditas Pertanian Sub Sektor Perkebunan Kopi. Kementerian Pertanian. Jakarta.

Cortez, J.G. and H.C. Menezez. 2000. Recent Developments in Brazilian Coffee Quality: New Processing Systems, Beverage Characteristics and Consumen Preferences. Dalam T.Sera, C.R. Soccol, A.Pandey and S. Roussos. (ED). Coffee Biotechnology and Quality. Proceedings of The 3rd International Seminar on Biotechnology in The Coffe AgroIndustry, Londrina, Brazil, 339-346.

Heryana IPT. Udarma IM. Putra. 2016. Perbandingan Pendapatan antara Usahatani Kopi dan Usahatani Jeruk di Desa Serai Kecamatan Kintamani Kabupaten Bangli. E-Jurnal Agribisnis dan Agrowisata 5(1)1-9.

ICO. 2010. “Coffee: Botanical Aspects”.International Coffee Organization. http://www.ico.org/botanical.asp diakses 24 Juni 2018.

Kusmiati A, Windiarti R. 2011. Analisis wilayah komoditas kopi di Indonesia. J-SEP 5 (2) : 47-58.

Ningrum, Prestilia. 2011. Alih Fungsi Atau Konversi Lahan Pertanian Ke Lahan Non Pertanian di Indonesia. Diunduh dari : http://id.scribd.com/doc/76350804/Alih-Fungsi-atau-Konversi-LahanPertanian-ke-Lahan-Non-Pertanian-di-Indonesia. Pada Tanggal : 16 Juni 2017, Pukul : 11.40 WIB.

Raharjo. P. 2012. Panduan Budidaya dan Pengolahan Kopi Arabika dan Robusta. Penebar Swadaya. Jakarta.

Risandewi T. 2013. Analisis Efisiensi Produksi Kopi Robusta Di Kabupaten Temanggung (Studi Kasus di Kecamatan Candiroto) Jurnal Litbang Provinsi Jawa Tengah 11(1);87-102.

Saragih RJ. 2016. Produksi Kopi Arabika Spesialti Sumatera Utara : Analisis Sosial Ekonomi, Ekologi, dan Kebijakan Pemerintah Daerah. www.usi.ac.id/karya ilmiah dosen.

Semangun, H. 1990. Penyakit Tanaman Kebun di Indonesia. Gajah Mada University Press Jogyakarta.

Suhendra D. Muhammad N. Reswita. 2012. Analisis pendapatan usahatani pada kopi tradisional dan kopi sambung di desa lubuk kembang, kec. Curup utara, kab. Rejang lebong. AGRISEP 11(1); 61 – 68.

Titisari P. 2016. Alternatif Tindakan Meningkatkan Pendapatan Petani Kopi Rakyat Kabupaten Jember. Prosiding Seminar Nasional. ISBN 978-602-60569-2-4;217-230.

United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). 2016. http://fas.usda.gov


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


   

 

JASc (JOURNAL OF AGRIBUSINESS SCIENCES)