Analisa Perhitungan untuk Pemasangan Sistem Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Surya untuk Solar Home System

Suprianto Suprianto

Abstract


Abstrak— Pemasangan sistem pembangkit listrik tenaga surya (PLTS) untuk kebutuhan listrik solar home system (SHS) sering tidak efektif karena mungkin tidak menggunakan perhitungan yang teliti. bagaimana efektifitas dan efisiensi sistem PLTS untuk menjaga kontinuitas pelayanan daya dan optimalisasi pemilihan peralatan sering tidak diperhitungkan dengan detail dan teliti. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendapatkan desain PLTS untuk SHS secara efektif dengan cara menganalisa dengan menggunakan perhitungan. Hasil analisa perhitungan tersebut di implementasikan pada pembuatan PLTS yang sesungguhnya. Metode yang digunakan pada penelitian ini adalah metode analisa perhitungan yang mempertimbangkan aspek efisisensi setiap peralatan pada sistem. Penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa sistem PLTS yang realisasikan sesuai hasil perhitungan dan performancenya sesuai yang diharapkan. untuk melayani beban dengan daya terpasang 308 watt untuk beban listrik khusus lampu penerangan mampu dilayani oleh sistem PLTS dengan modul surya 1600 Wp, baterai 350 Ah 24 Volt, SCC 24 volt 60 Ampere dan inverter 1000 watt dengan kontinuitas pelayanan beban secara umum dapat terjaga dengan asumsi  kondisi cuaca yang fluktuatif. Penambahan jumlah modul surya sebanyak dua kali lipat dari jumlah modul surya hasil perhitungan akan menyebabkan proses pengisian baterai pada waktu tengah hari sudah mencapai level penuh. Penelitian ini diharapkan dapat menjadi referensi untuk perhitungan dalam pemasangan PLTS untuk SHS secara efektif dan efisien.

Kata kunci :  efisiensi, modul surya, baterai, scc, inverter.

AbstractThe installation of a solar power system  for the electricity needs of a solar home system (SHS) is often ineffective because it may not use careful calculations. how the effectiveness and efficiency of the solar power system to maintain continuity of power service and optimizing equipment selection is often not taken into account in detail and thoroughly. This research aims to get the design of the  solar power system for SHS effectively by analyzing it using calculations. The results of the calculation analysis are implemented in the actual manufacture for the solar power system. The method used in this research is a calculation analysis method that considers the efficiency aspect of each equipment in the system. This research shows that the realized solar power system is in accordance with the calculation results and its performance is as expected. To serve loads with an installed power of 308 watts for special electrical loads in the form of lighting lamps can be served by a solar power system with a 1600 Wp solar module, 350 Ah 24 Volt battery, SCC 24 volt 60 Ampere and a 1000 watt inverter with continuity of service loads in general can be maintained by Assuming fluctuating weather conditions. The addition of the number of solar modules as much as twice the number of solar modules calculated will cause the battery charging process at midday to reach its full level. This research is expected to be a reference for calculations in the installation of a solar power system for SHS effectively and efficiently.

Keywords :     efficiency, solar module, battery, scc, inverter.

Keywords


efficiency, solar module, battery, scc, inverter

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30596%2Frele.v4i1.7827

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