Tinjauan Maqasid Syariah Terhadap Kalender Islam Global

Syamsul Anwar

Abstract


This writing deals with Islamic International Calendar from the perspective of shariah objectives. Representing one of the most important parts of the Islamic Legal Theory (Uṣūl al-Fiqh), shariah maqasid are discussed widely in the modern times, both concerning their doctrines as well as their application in dealing with other matters of shariah. After clarifying the meaning of shariah objectives and Islamic International Calendar including its concept, principles, qualifications, and parameters, the writer proceed to examine some questions such as is there any objective in shariah doctrines regarding calendar, if the answer is positive what kind of calendars is in line with shariah objebtives and does phisical seeing of the moon represent one of shariah maqāṣid? The writer comes to several conclusions one of which is that, in general, Islamic International Calendar has a close relation to Islamic law objectives.  


DOI:

https://doi.org/10.30596/jam.v5i2.3801


Full Text:

PDF (Indonesian)

References


“Al-Bayān al-Khitāmī wa at-Tauṣiyāt,” dalam Maṭāliʻ asy-Syuhūr al-Qamariyyah wa at-Taqwīm al-Islāmī, Rabat: ISESCO, 1431/2010.

Anwar, Syamsul. “Tindak Lanjut Kalender Hijriah Global Turki 2016: Tinjauan Usul Fikih,” Jurnal Tarjih, Vol.13 No.2 (2016).

Burhānī, Manūbah, “al-Fikr al-Maqāsidī ‘inda Muhammad Rasyīd Ridā,” disertasi Universitas al-Hajj Lakhdar, Bātinah, Ajazair, 2006/2007.

Encyclopædia Americana, USA: Encyclopædia Americana, Inc., 1965.

Garner, Bryan A., (ed. in chiep), Black’s Law Dictionary, edisi 10, St. Paul MN: Thomson Reuters, 2014.

Ḥasanī, Ismāʻīl al-, Naẓariyyat al-Maqāṣid ‘inda al-Imām Muhammad at-Tāhir Ibn ‘Āsyūr, Herndon, Virginia: al-Ma‘hād al-‘Ālamī li al-Fikr al-Islāmī, 1416/1995.

Ibn ‘Āsyūr, Mḥammad aṭ-Ṭāhir. Maqāṣid asy-Syarīʻah al-Islāmiyyah, Yordania: Dār an-Nafā’is, 1421/2001.

Muslim, Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim. diedit oleh Muḥammad Fu’ād ‘Abd al-Bāqī, 2 jilid, Beirut: Dār al-Fikr, 1992/1412.

Panitia Ilmiah (Pengarah) Konferensi, “al-Milaff al-Muḥtawī Ma‘āyīr Masyrū‘ai at-Taqwīm al-Uḥādī wa aṡ-Ṡunā’ī al-Manwī Taqdīmuhu ilā al-Mu’tamar Ma‘a an-Namāżij at-Taṭbīqiyyah,” kertas kerja yang disiapkan oleh Panitia Ilmiah (Pengarah) dan dipresentasikan di Kongres Istanbul 2016.

Qaraḍāwī, Yūsuf al-, Dirāsah fī Fiqh Maqāṣid Syarīʻah, edisi ke-3, Kairo: Dār asy-Syurūq, 2008.

Qaraḍāwī, Yūsuf al-, Kaifa Nata‘āmal ma‘a as-Sunnah an-Nabawiyyah: Ma‘ālim wa Ḍawābiī, cet. ke-3, al-Manṣūrah: Dār al-Wafā’ li aṭ-Ṭibā‘ah wa an-Nasyr wa at-Tauzī‘, 1990.

Riḍā, Muḥammad Rasyīd, “Iṡbāt Syahri Ramaḍān wa Baḥṡ al-‘Amal fīhi wa Gairihi bi al-Ḥisāb,” Jurnal al-Manār, Vol. 28, No. 1 (1345/1927).

Syāṭibī, Abū Isḥāq asy-, al-Muwāfaqāt, diedit oleh Abū ‘Ubaidah Masyhūr Ibn Ḥasan Āl Salmān, 6 jilid, Al-Khubar: Dār Ibn ‘Affān li an-Nasyr wa at-Tauzīʻ, 1417/1997.

Syubailī, Yūsuf Ibn ‘Abdullāh asy-, “Maqāṣid at-Tasyrīʻ al-Islāmī,”.

Tirmiżī, Abū ʻĪsa at-, al-Jāmi‘ al-Kabīr, diedit oleh Basysyār ‘Awwād Ma‘rūf, 6 jilid, Beirut: Dār al-Garb al-Islāmī, 1996.

Yūbī, Muḥammad Saʻd Ibn Aḥmad Ibn Masʻūd al-, Maqāṣid asy-Syarīʻah wa ‘Ilāqatuhā bi al-‘Adillah asy-Syarʻiyyah, Riyad: Dār al-Hijrah li an-Nasyr wa at-Tauzīʻ, 1418/1998.

Zarqā, Muṣṭafā Aḥmad az-, Fatāwā Muṣṭafā az-Zarqā, diedit oleh Majd Aḥmad Makkī, Damaskus: Dār al-Qalam, 1425/2004.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 

Al-Marshad: Jurnal Astronomi Islam dan Ilmu-Ilmu Berkaitan is abstracting & indexing in the following databases:
  

Creative Commons License
Al-Marshad: Jurnal Astronomi Islam dan Ilmu-Ilmu Berkaitan is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

ISSN 2442-5729 (print) | ISSN 2598-2559 (online)