Assessment of Upper Digestive Tract Visualization with Gastroscopy in Patients at Drs. H. Amri Tambunan Regional General Hospital 2020-2021

Asri Ludin Tambunan

Abstract


Gastrointestinal diseases are one of the health problems included in the global burden of disease. Examination to see the mucosa and lumen of the upper digestive tract directly ranging from the oropharynx, esophagus, stomach to proximal duodenum using an endoscope device called Gastroscopy (Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (GIE)/Esophagogastrictroduodenoscopy (EGD)). The purpose of this study was to find out the characteristics of patients who conducted gastroscopic examinations at RSUD Drs. H. Amri Tambunan period 2020-2021. This study is a descriptive study that used cross sectional design and total sampling method which is as many as 510 patients who meet the criteria for inclusion of gastroscopy examination. The results of this study showed that gastroscopic examinations were most commonly performed in male patients (52.4%), with the most age range of 41 - 60 years (49.6%), the most indications are epigastric pain (28%), and the most gastroscopic examination results are gastritis (22%). Patients with complaints of epigastric pain are often found at the diagnosis of gastritis. Epigastric pain is the chief complaint of patients most in gastrointestinal diseases, especially the upper gastrointestinal tract. This corresponds to the gastric organ which is the location of the main lesion on the examination of gastroscopy.


Keywords


gastrointestinal tract, gastroscopy, characteristics

Full Text:

PDF

References


Milivojevic V, Milosavljevic T. Burden of Gastroduodenal Diseases from the Global Perspective. Curr Treat Options Gastro. 2020: 1-10.

News-medical.net [homepage on the Internet]. University of Gothenburg: Study Shows Global Prevalence of Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders [update 2020 May 27; cited 2022 Jan 22]. Available from: http://www.news-medical.net/ news/20200527.

Avramidou M, Angst F, Angst J, Aeschilmann A, Rossler W, Schnyder U. Epidemiology of Gastrointestinal symptoms in young and middle-aged Swiss Adults: Prevalence and Comorbidities in a longitudinal population cohort over 28 years. BMC Gastroenterology. 2018; 18 (21): 1-10.

Agyei-Nkansah A, Duah A, Alfonso M. Indications and findings of upper gastrointestinal endoscopy in patients presenting to a District Hospital, Ghana. Pan African Medical Journal. 2019; 34 (82): 1-8.

Sperber A D, et al. Worldwide Prevalence and Burden of Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders, Results of Rome Foundation Global Study. Gastroenterology. 2020; 1- 3.

Abdeljawad K, Wehbeh A. Qayed E. Low Prevalence of Clinically Significant Endoscopic Findings in Outpatients with Dyspepsia. Hindawi Gastroenterology Research and Practice. 2017; 1-7.

Yellapu R, Boda S. Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopic Findings of Patients Presenting with Dyspepsia-A Tertiary Care Centre Experience. International Journal of Contemporary Medical Research. 2019; 6 (9): 1-4.

Fikree A, Byrne P. Management of Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders. Clinical Medicine. 2021; 21 (1): 1-9.

Hu N, et al. Epidemiological and clinical features of functional dyspepsia region with a high incidence of esophageal cancer in China. Chinese Medical Journal. 2021; 134 (12): 1-9.

Putri C Y, Arnelis, Asterina. Gambaran Klinis dan Endoskopi Saluran Cerna Bagian Atas Pasien Dispepsia di Bagian RSUP Dr. M. Djamil Padang. Jurnal Kesehatan Andalas. 2016; 5 (2): 1-6.

Ahlawat R, Hoilat G J, Ross A B. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy. NCBI Bookshelf. [update 2021 Nov 7; cited 2022 Jan 22]. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK532268/.

Sugiarta I G R M, Sumanti I K. The endoscopy profile of patients with Gastrointestinal Bleeding (GIB) at Klungkung Regional General Hospital, Bali, Indonesia during the 2014-2018 period. Intisari Sains Medis. 2020; 11 (1): 306-309.

Gunawan D F, Waleleng B J, Polii E B I. Profil Pasien Endoskopi Gastrointestinal di RSUP Prof. Dr. R. D. Kandou periode Januari 2018-Agustus 2019. Jurnal e-Clinic. 2019; 7 (2): 1-7.

Sayuti M. Profil Upper Endsocopy Gastrointestinal di Rumah Sakit Umum Cut Meutia Aceh Utara Periode Januari 2017-Desember 2018. 2020; 4 (4): 1-6.

Agustian H. Makmun D, Soejono C H. Gambaran Endoskopi Saluran Cerna Bagian Atas pada Pasien Dispepsia Usia Lanjut di Rumah Sakit Cipto Mangunkusumo. Jurnal Penyakit Dalam Indonesia. 2015; 2(2):1-3.

Tunc M, Boyuk B, Mavis O. Upper GIS Endoscopy Indications of Patients Consulted at Internal Medicine Outpatient Clinics and Data Obtained According to These Indications. Open Journal of Gastroenterology. 2016; 6: 111-116

Serra M A A O, et al. Correlation between the symptoms of upper gastrointestinal disease and endoscopy findings: Implications for Clinical Practice. Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences. 2021; 16 (3): 395-401.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30596%2Fbf.v7i1.9479

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

BULETIN FARMATERA

Gedung Kampus 1 Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara | UMSU

Lantai II,Laboratorium Farmakologi dan Terapi FK UMSU-Jalan Gedung Arca No. 53 Medan-Sumatera Utara ,

Kode Pos 20217 Kontak: 0812-6208-2844,E-mail: farmatera@umsu.ac.id


 
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
View My Stats Buletin Farmatera