Analisis Faktor Penyebab Kemiskinan dan Bagaimana Penanggulangannya : Studi Empiris Pada 29 Kabupaten di Jawa Tengah 2014-2020

Dicki Dwi Ferian, Edy Yusuf Agung Gunanto

Abstract


Community welfare is an indicator of the success of development. And in it’s implementation, economic development will be faced with various problems related to the welfare of society. One of the complex and chronic problems related to the welfare of the community is poverty. The high of poverty rate will have an impact on the emergence of other negative social problems. It is difficult to find out what the exact cause is and how the solution is really effective in reducing the poverty. In this regard, the problem of poverty in Central Java is related to it’s slow pace of poverty reduction and the high level of poverty in Central Java which is always above the national level. The aim of this research is to see how the factors that cause poverty and how to eradicate it based on theories and related previous research. Unemployment, dependency ratio, and productivity variables were analyzed as factors causing poverty. while agrishare, industrialshare, and village funds were analyzed as factors that were considered capable of eradicating poverty. The analytical tool used is multiple linear regression with panel data and estimated using the fixed effect model approach with pooled generalized least square estimate with cross section weight. The results showed that the variables of agrishare, industrialshare, labor productivity, and village funds had a significant effect on poverty. While the unemployment variable and dependency ratio do not have a significant effect on poverty.

Keywords


Poverty, Panel Data, Fixed Effect Model, Pooled EGLS

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abro, Z. A., Alemu, B. A., & Hanjra, M. A. (2014). Policies For Agricultural Productivity Growth and Poverty Reduction in Rural Ethiopia. World Development, 59, 461–474. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2014.01.033

Adediyan, A. R., & Omorenuwa, L. O. (2021). Sectoral Analysis of Human Capital Investment , Labor Productivity and Poverty in Nigeria. Sriwijaya International Journal of Dynamic Economics And Business, 5(June 2020), 131–146.

Adriana, T. (2020). Pengaruh Tingkat Kesehatan, Tingkat Pendidikan, dan Produktivitas Terhadap Kemiskinan di Kalimantan. Jurnal Ekonomi Daerah (JEDA), 8(2).

Annur, R. A. (2013). Faktor-Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Kemiskinan di Kecamatan Jekulo Dan Mejobo Kabupaten Kudus Tahun 2013. Economics Development Analysis Journal, 2(4), 409–426. https://doi.org/10.15294/edaj.v2i4.3209

Arham, M. A., & Hatu, R. (2020). Does Village Fund Transfer Address the Issue of Inequality and Poverty? A Lesson from Indonesia. Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business, 7(10), 433–442. https://doi.org/10.13106/jafeb.2020.vol7.no10.433

Arif, M. (2020). Rasio-Rasio Rasio Pembentuk Angka Kemiskinan di Kabupaten Sragen. The 11th University Research Colloquium 2020; Universitas Universitas ‘Aisyiyah Yogyakarta, 315–323.

Arsyad, L. (2016). Ekonomi Pembangunan. Edisi Kelima. STIE YKPN.

Badan Pusat Statistik. (2018). Data dan Informasi Kemiskinan Jawa Tengah 2012-2016. Badan Pusat Statistik Jawa Tengah.

_________________. (2021). Data dan Informasi Kemiskinan Jawa Tengah 2016-2020. Semarang: Badan Pusat Statistik Jawa Tengah.

_________________. (2021). Jawa Tengah Dalam Angka Berbagai Tahun Terbitan. Semarang: Badan Pusat Statistik Jawa Tengah.

_________________. (2021). Profil Ketenagakerjaan Jawa Tengah Berbagai Tahun Terbitan. Semarang: Badan Pusat Statistik Jawa Tengah.

_________________. (2021). Statistik Sosial dan Kependudukan Jawa Tengah Berbagai Tahun Terbitan. Badan Pusat Statistik Jawa Tengah.

Budhi, S., Kembar, M. (2013). Analisis Faktor-Faktor Yang Berpengaruh Terhadap Pengentasan Kemiskinan di Bali: Analisis FEM Data Panel. Jurnal Ekonomi Kuantitatif Terapan, 6(1), 1–6.

DJPK Kemenkeu. (2020). Rincian Alokasi Dana Desa Provinsi/Kabupaten/Kota Dalam APBN Berbagai Tahun Terbitan.

Dorosh, P., & Thurlow, J. (2018). Beyond Agriculture Versus Non-Agriculture: Decomposing Sectoral Growth–Poverty Linkages in Five African Countries. World Development, 109, 440–451. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2016.08.014

Dumairy. (1996). Perekonomian Indonesia. Erlangga.

Enami, A., Lustig, N., & Taqdiri, A. (2019). Fiscal Policy, Inequality, and Poverty in Iran: Assessing The Impact and Effectiveness of Taxes and Transfers. Middle East Development Journal, 11(1), 49–74. https://doi.org/10.1080/17938120.2019.1583510

Fiszbein, A., Kanbur, R., & Yemtsov, R. (2014). Social Protection and Poverty Reduction: Global patterns and Some Targets. World Development, 61, 167–177. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2014.04.010

Ghozali, I. (2013). Analisis Multivariat Dan Ekonometrika : Teori, Konsep, dan Aplikasi dengan Eviews 8. Badan Penerbit Universitas Diponegoro.

Gilarso. (2007). Pengantar Ilmu Ekonomi Makro. Edisi Pertama. IKAPI.

Gujarati, D. (2013). Dasar-Dasar Ekonometrika. Salemba Empat.

Gupta Kanupriya, G. A. Sen. (2020). Enhancing Productivity for Poverty Reduction in India. Adb Briefs, 4(100), 1–8.

Herman, E. (2014). Working Poverty in The European Union and It’s main Determinants: An Empirical Analysis. Engineering Economics, 25(4), 427–436. https://doi.org/10.5755/j01.ee.25.4.6339

Hermawan, A., Istoqomah, & Ahmad, A. A. (2019). The Effect of Village Funds on Rural Poverty: Empirical Evidence From Java Island. International Conference on Rural Development and Enterpreneurship, 5(1), 177–183.

Hong, H., & Sullivan, F. R. (2013). Determinants of Poverty Status in Taiwan: A Multilevel Approach. Educational Technology Research and Development, 57(5), 613–627. https://doi.org/10.1007/sl

Idris, A. (2016). Ekonomi Publik. Deepublish.

Isa, D. P., Arham, M. A., & Dai, S. I. (2019). Effects of Capital Expenditures, Development Index and Unemployment on Poverty in Gorontalo Province. Jambura Equilibrium Journal, 1(1). https://doi.org/10.37479/jej.v1i1.1998

Ivanic, M., & Martin, W. (2018). Sectoral Productivity Growth and Poverty Reduction: National and Global Impacts. World Development, 109, 429–439. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2017.07.004

Jhingan, M. (2004). Ekonomi Pembangunan dan Perencanaan. PT Raja Grafindo Persada.

Kurniawan, D. (2009). Kemiskinan di Indonesia dan Penanggulangannya. 1–18.

Lalira, D., Nakoko, A. T., & Rorong, I. P. F. (2018). Pengaruh Dana Desa Dan Alokasi Dana Desa Terhadap Tingkat Kemiskinan Di Kecamatan Gemeh Kabupaten Kepulauan Talaud. Jurnal Berkala Ilmiah Efisiensi, 18(4), 62–72.

Lilik Andrietya, A., Pujiati, A., & Setyadharma, A. (2020). Determinants of Poverty in Central Java Province 2013-2018. Journal of Economic Education, 9(1), 81–88. https://doi.org/10.15294/jeec.v9i1.38671

Maku, O. E. (2019). Unemployment, Poverty and Economic Growth in Nigeria. 35(1). https://doi.org/10.22367/jem.2019.35.01

Mankiw, G. (2012). Macroeconomics. Worth Publishers.

Megasari, L. A. (2019). Ketergantungan Petani terhadap Tengkulak sebagai Patron dalam Kegiatan Proses Produksi Pertanian (Studi di Desa Baye Kecamatan Kayen Kidul Kabupaten Kediri). Universitas Airlangga.

Mubyarto. (2004). Teori Ekonomi dan Kemiskinan. Aditya Media.

Mustapha, A. B., Said, R., & Sidique, S. F. (2015). Urban Poverty, Inequality and Industry in Nigeria. International Journal of Development Issues, 14(3), 249–263. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJDI-06-2015-0040

Prasetyoningrum, A. K. (2018). Analisis Pengaruh Indeks Pembangunan Manusia (IPM), Pertumbuhan Ekonomi, dan Pengangguran Terhadap Kemiskinan Di Indonesia. Equilibrium: Jurnal Ekonomi Syariah, 6(2), 217. https://doi.org/10.21043/equilibrium.v6i2.3663

Primadi, Y. A. (2020). Analisis Dampak Industrialisasi Terhadap Kemiskinan Di Jawa Timur. Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa FEB, 8(1).

Putra, I. K. A. A., & Arka, S. (2016). Analisis Pengaruh Tingkat Pengangguran Terbuka, Kesempatan Kerja, Dan Tingkat Pendidikan Terhadap Tingkat Kemiskinan Pada Kabupaten / Kota Di Provinsi Bali. EP Unud, 7(3), 416–444.

Sakti, D. C. (2015). Pengaruh Output Sektor Pertanian, Industri Pengolahan Dan Perdagangan Terhadap Jumlah Penduduk Miskin Di Propinsi Jawa Timur. Jurnal Ekonomi Dan Bisnis, 2, 113–124. http://repository.unair.ac.id/39354/

Salqaura, S. S. (2020). Correlation Analysis of Agriculture Sector and Poverty. Jurnal Agristan, 2 (1).

Satrio, I. (2018). Sektor Pertanian: Faktor Utama Penentu Kemiskinan Jawa Barat. Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Dan Kebijakan Pertanian, 7(2), 176–187. https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=2ahUKEwi5o7uH5JrgAhUiSY8KHTnYAyoQFjAAegQIAhAB&url=http://journal.trunojoyo.ac.id/agriekonomika/article/view/1758&usg=AOvVaw32xzWSKyPFs0NfbjZJfqFv

Sinnathurai, V. (2013). An Empirical Study on the Nexus of Poverty, GDP Growth, Dependency Ratio and Employment in Developing Countries. Journal of Competitiveness, 5(2), 67–82. https://doi.org/10.7441/joc.2013.02.05

Siregar, H., & Wahyuni, D. (2007). Dampak Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Terhadap Penurunan Jumlah Penduduk Miskin. Economics Development, pertumbuhan ekonomi dan penduduk miskin. http://pse.litbang.deptan.go.id/ind/pdffiles/PROS_2008_MAK3

Sukirno, S. (2014). Pengantar Teori Makroekonomi. PT Raja Grafindo Persada.

Suryahadi, A., Hadiwidjaja, G., & Sumarto, S. (2012). Economic Growth and Poverty Reduction in Indonesia Before and After the Asian financial crisis. Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies, 48(2), 209–227. https://doi.org/10.1080/00074918.2012.694155

Todaro, Michael P., S. C. S. (2006). Pembangunan Ekonomi, Edisi Kesembilan Jilid Satu. Erlangga.

Tulus H. Tambunan. (2011). Perekonomian Indonesia: Kajian Teoritis dan Analisis Empiris. Ghalia Indonesia.

Undang-Undang Nomor 6 Tahun 2014 Tentang Desa.

Zheng, J., Jiang, P., Qiao, W., Zhu, Y., & Kennedy, E. (2016). Analysis of Air Pollution Reduction and Climate Change Mitigation in the Industry Sector of Yangtze River Delta in China. Journal of Cleaner Production, 114(2016), 314–322. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2015.07.011

Zuhdiyaty, N., & Kaluge, D. (2018). Analisis Faktor - Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Kemiskinan Di Indonesia Selama Lima Tahun Terakhir. Jurnal Ilmiah Bisnis Dan Ekonomi Asia, 11(2), 27–31. https://doi.org/10.32812/jibeka.v11i2.42.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30596%2Fekonomikawan.v21i2.7985

Ekonomikawan: Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi dan Studi Pembangunan is abstracting & indexing in the following databases: 


   


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

View My Stats