Teori Komunikasi Perspektif Indonesia: Gagasan dan Kemungkinan

Abdul Hair


This article discusses the possibility of initiating the Indonesian perspective of communication theory, an idea that was derived, while also drawing inspiration, from the Asian perspective of communication theory offered by Kincaid and Dissanayake in the 1980s. The question raised in this article is, is it still relevant to formulate a communication theory based on Indonesian culture, as globalization has increasingly blurred the boundaries between "the local" and "the global"? By using cultural studies and postcolonial theories, as well as literature study methods, the results show that it is possible to initiate communication theory from the Indonesian perspective, although this possibility is still accompanied by a few notes. First and foremost, problematizing the concept of Indonesia itself. Second, conducting dialogue with other scientific disciplines which also criticize the hegemony of Western theories. By adhering to the two notes above, the Indonesian perspective of communication theory is expected to avoid the trap of essentialism and ahistoricism, as seen in various other approaches that also criticize the hegemony of Western theories in communication studies.

Kata Kunci

Communication Theory; Postcolonial Theory; Cultural Studies; Asian perspective.

Teks Lengkap:

PDF (English)


Adiprasetio, J. (2016). Genealogi Pengkajian dan Ilmu Komunikasi di Indonesia. Universitas Gadjah Mada.

Anderson, B. (1991). Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism (2nd ed.). London: Verso.

Bhabha, H. K. (2004). The Location of Culture. New York: Routledge Classics.

Birowo, M. A. (2008). Perspektif Asia dalam Ilmu Komunikasi: Perlukah Perspektif Asia dalam Kajian Ilmu Komunikasi? Retrieved May 7, 2019, from http://antonbirowo.blogspot.com/2008/11/perspektif-asia-dalam-ilmu-komunikasi.html

Carey, J. W. (2008). A Cultural Approach to Communication. In Communication as Culture (Revised, pp. 128). New York: Routledge.

Chen, G. M. (Ed.). (2002). Culture and communication: An East Asian perspective [Special issue]. Intercultural Communication Studies, 11(1).

Chen, G. M. (2009). Beyond the dichotomy of communication studies. Asian Journal of Communication, 19(4), 398411. https://doi.org/10.1080/01292980903293312

Chen, G. M., & Miike, Y. (Eds.). (2003). Asian approaches to human communication [Special issue]. Intercultural Communication Studies, 12(4).

Chen, K.-H. (1998). Introduction: The Decolonization Question. In K.-H. Chen (Ed.), Trajectories: Inter-Asia Cultural Studies (1st ed., pp. 146). New York: Routledge.

Craig, R. T. (1999). Communication Theory as a Field. Communication Theory, 9(2), 119161.

Craig, R. T. (Ed.). (2007). Cultural bias in communication theory [Special issue]. Communication Monographs, 74(2).

Dhakidae, D. (2008). Memahami Rasa Kebangsaan dan Menyimak Bangsa Sebagai Komunitas-komunitas Terbayang. In Imagined Communities: Komunitas-komunitas Terbayang (pp. viixlvi). Yogyakarta: Insist Press dan Pustaka Pelajar.

Dissanayake, W. (Ed.). (1988a). Communication Theory: The Asian Perspective (1st ed.). Singapore: Asian Mass Communication Research and Information Centre.

Dissanayake, W. (1988b). The Need for Asian Approaches to Communication. In W. Dissanayake (Ed.), Communication Theory: The Asian Perspective (1st ed., pp. 119). Singapore: Asian Mass Communication Research & Information.

Dissanayake, W. (2006). Postcolonial theory and Asian communication theory: Toward a creative dialogue. China Media Research, 2(4), 18.

Dissanayake, W. (2009a). The desire to excavate Asian theories of communication: One strand of the history. Journal of Multicultural Discourses, 4(1), 727. https://doi.org/10.1080/17447140802651629

Dissanayake, W. (2009b). The production of Asian theories of communication: Contexts and challenges. Asian Journal of Communication, 19(4), 453468. https://doi.org/10.1080/01292980903293411

Dissanayake, W. (2014). Asian television dramas and Asian theories of communication. Journal of Multicultural Discourses, 7(2), 191196. https://doi.org/10.1080/17447143.2012.666246

Goonasakera, A., & Kuo, E. C. Y. (Eds.). (2000). Towards an Asian theory of communication? [Special issue]. Asian Journal of Communication, 10(2).

Gunaratne, S. A. (2009). Emerging global divides in media and communication theory: European universalism versus non-Western reactions. Asian Journal of Communication, 19(4), 366383. https://doi.org/10.1080/01292980903293247

Hadiz, V. R., & Dhakidae, D. (2006). Kata Pengantar. In V. R. Hadiz & D. Dhakidae (Eds.), Ilmu Sosial dan Kekuasaan di Indonesia (1st ed., pp. 130). Jakarta: Equinox Publishing.

Haryanto, I. (2001). Propaganda, Kuasa, dan Pengetahuan: Genealogi Ilmu Komunikasi di Indonesia, Suatu Penelusuran Awal. Retrieved from https://ashadisiregar.files.wordpress.com/2009/03/microsoft-word-igharyanto_geneologi-ilmu-kom1.pdf

Heryanto, A. (1989). Berjangkitnya Bahasa-Bangsa di Indonesia. Prisma, 1, 316.

Heryanto, A. (1992). Pembakuan Bahasa dan Totalitarianisme. Kritis, VII(2), 1828.

Heryanto, A. (2008). Pop Culture and competing identities. In Popular Culture in Indonesia: Fluid Identities in Post-Authoritarian Politics. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203895627

Heryanto, A. (2013). The intimacies of cultural studies and area studies: The case of Southeast Asia. International Journal of Cultural Studies, 16(3), 303316. https://doi.org/10.1177/1367877912474541

Heryanto, A. (2015). Identitas dan Kenikmatan: Politik Budaya Layar Indonesia. Jakarta: KPG (Kepustakaan Populer Gramedia).

Kim, M. S. (2009). Cultural bias in communication science: Challenges of overcoming ethnocentric paradigms in Asia. Asian Journal of Communication, 19(4), 412421. https://doi.org/10.1080/01292980903293338

Kincaid, D. L. (Ed.). (1987). Communication Theory: Eastern and Western Perspectives (1st ed.). New York: Academic Press. Inc.

Koentjaraningrat. (2015). Kebudayaan, Mentalitas, dan Pembangunan (21st ed.). Jakarta: PT. Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Kuo, E. C. Y., & Chew, H. E. (2009). Beyond ethnocentrism in communication theory: Towards a culture-centric approach. Asian Journal of Communication, 19(4), 422437. https://doi.org/10.1080/01292980903293361

liputan6.com. (2016). Baru Diketahui, Majapahit Tak Pernah Kuasai Nusantara. Retrieved May 22, 2019, from liputan6.com website: https://www.liputan6.com/regional/read/2485464/baru-diketahui-majapahit-tak-pernah-kuasai-nusantara

Lubis, S. A. S. (2019). Hadis Rasulullah Seputar Komunikasi Antarbudaya. Jurnal Interaksi: Jurnal Ilmu Komunikasi, 3(1), 6680. https://doi.org/10.30596/interaksi.v3i1.2698

Mahfud, M. (2013). KOMUNIKASI INDONESIA (Studi Komunikasi Nusantara Perspektif Integrasi Interkoneksi). Profetik, 6(1), 522.

McQuail, D. (2000). Some reflections on the western bias of media theory. Asian Journal of Communication, 10(2), 113. https://doi.org/10.1080/01292980009364781

Miike, Y. (2002). Theorizing Culture and Communication in the Asian Context: An Assumption Foundation. Intercultural Communication Studies, XI(1), 121.

Miike, Y. (2007). An Asiacentric Reflection on Eurocentric Bias in Communication Theory. Communication Monographs, 74(2), 272278. https://doi.org/10.1080/03637750701390093

Miike, Y., & Chen, G. M. (Eds.). (2007). Asian contributions to communication theories [Special issue]. China Media Research, 3(4).

Miles, M. B., Huberman, A. M., & Saldana, J. (2014). Qualitative Data Analysis: A Methods Sourcebook. California: Sage Publications Ltd.

Naroll, R. (1971). Conceptualizing the problem, as seen by an anthropologist. Chicago.

Puspa, R. (2007). Personal Influence and Power Distance: Acknowledging Local Cultures Influence in Conceptualising Public Relations Pratices in Asian Countries. Jurnal ILMU KOMUNIKASI, 4(1), 95106. https://doi.org/10.24002/jik.v4i1.232

Rahardjo, T. (2012). Keseragaman atau Keberagaman: Gagasan Alternatif untuk Pendidikan Tinggi Ilmu Komunikasi di Indonesia. In S. Budi (Ed.), Communication Review: Catatan Tentang Pendidikan Komunikasi di Indonesia, Jerman, dan Australia (1st ed., pp. 116). Yogyakarta: Program Studi Ilmu Komunikasi Universitas Atma Jaya Yogyakarta.

Rahardjo, T. (2013). Konstruksi Teori Komunikasi Berbasis Kearifan Lokal. Avant Garde, 1(1), 7385.

Raka, S., & Radha, S. H. (2002). Postcolonial approaches to communication: Charting the terrain, engaging the intersections. Communication Theory, 12(3), 249.

Sun, G. (2000a). How does Asia mean? (Part I). Inter-Asia Cultural Studies, 1(2), 1347. https://doi.org/10.1080/14649370050141186

Sun, G. (2000b). How does Asia mean? (Part II). Inter-Asia Cultural Studies, 1(2), 319341. https://doi.org/10.1080/14649370050141186

Taylor, J. G. (2003). Indonesia: Peoples and Histories (1st ed.). New Heaven & London: Yale University Press.

Ting-Toomey, S. (1988). Intercultural conflict styles: A face-negotiation theory. In Y. Y. Kim & W. Gudykunst (Eds.), Theories in intercultural communication (pp. 213235). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Wahid, A. (2020). Persepsi Kafir pada Muslim dan Non-Muslim: Konteks, Penggunaan, dan Komunikasi Partisipatif. Tuturlogi: Journal of Southeast Asian Communication, 1(2), 7992.

Waisbord, S., & Mellado, C. (Eds.). (2014). De-westernizing Communication Studies: A Reassessment [Special issue]. Communication Theory, 24(4).

Wang, G. (Ed.). (2009). Asian Communication Research in Ferment - Moving Beyond Eurocentrism [Special issue]. Asian Journal of Communication, 19(4).

Wang, G., & Shen, V. (2000). East, west, communication, and theory: Searching for the meaning of searching for Asian communication theories. Asian Journal of Communication, 10(2), 1432. https://doi.org/10.1080/01292980009364782

Williams, R. (1960). Culture and Society, 1780-1950. New York: Anchor Books.

Yum, J.-O. (1987). The Practice of Uye-Ri in Interpersonal Relationships. In D. L. Kincaid (Ed.), Communication Theory: Eastern and Western Perspectives (1st ed., pp. 87100). New York: Academic Press, INC.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.30596/interaksi.v4i2.4626

Jurnal Interaksi : Jurnal Ilmu Komunikasi Indexed By:

 Jurnal Interaksi : Jurnal Ilmu Komunikasi

The Communication Studies, Faculty of Social and Political Science ( C Building), University of Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara, Jalan Kapten Mukhtar Basri No. 3 Medan 20238

e-mail : jurnalinteraksi@umsu.ac.id   Web: http://jurnal.umsu.ac.id/index.php/interaksi

Publisher: Umsu Press http://umsupress.umsu.ac.id


 Jurnal Interaksi : Jurnal Ilmu Komunikasi in Collaboration With: