Peningkatan Kualitas Lulusan daan Daya Saing Perguruan Tinggi Swasta Berbasis Spiritual Capital : Studi Di Sumatera Utara

Radiman Radiman, Nadia Ika Purnama, Muhammad Andi Prayogi, Jufrizen Jufrizen, Maya Sari

Abstract


Purpose - This study aims to produce a model for improving the quality of graduates and the competitiveness of private tertiary institutions based on spiritual capital by paying attention to and utilizing their spiritual capital

Methodology - This research was only conducted at the 15 best private universities in North Sumatra. The sample size for SEM using the Maximum Likelihood Estimation (MLE) estimation model is 100-200 samples. Data collection was carried out by distributing questionnaires. The data analysis method used in this study is factor analysis and the Structural Equation Modeling method using SEM-PLS software

Findings - The results of the study show that there is a significant influence from Leadership and Good University Governance on Graduate Quality. There is a significant influence of Leadership and Good University Governance on Competitiveness. There is a significant influence of Leadership on Graduate Quality moderated by Spiritual Capital and there is a significant influence of the moderating effect of Spiritual Capital on the relationship between Good University Governance and Competitiveness.

Originality/Novelty - The research model uses five (5) variables and applies the concept of mediation, where each relationship in the research model is analyzed with SEM-PLS.

Implications - This study has shown that Spiritual Capital has a moderating effect on the influence. of Leadership and Good University Governance on Competitiveness. Starting from the results of this study, the recommendation for further research is to try to analyze or use the Spiritual Capital variable as an independent variable, not as a moderating variable.


Keywords


Leadership, Good University Governance, Spiritaul Capital, Graduate Quality, Competitiveness

Full Text:

PDF PDF

References


Altbach, P. G., & Salmi, J. (2011). The road to academic excellence: The making of world-class research universities. World Bank.

Arokiasamy, L., Ismail, M., Ahmad, A., & Othman, J. (2009). Background of Malaysian Private Institutions of Higher Learning and Challenges Faced by Academics. The Journal of International Social Research, 2(8), 6067.

Benjamin, S. J., Marathamuthu, M. S., Muthaiyah, S., & Raman, M. (2011). Affordability of private tertiary education: A Malaysian study. International Journal of Social Economics, 38(4), 382406. https://doi.org/10.1108/03068291111112068

Bikse, V., Riva, B., & Latvian, I. B. (2014). Competitiveness and quality of higher education: graduates evaluation. Journal of Teacher Education for Sustainability, 15(2), 5266. https://doi.org/10.2478/jtes-2013-0011

Chin, W. W. (1998). The Partial Least Squares Approach to Structural Equation Modeling. In Advances in Hospitality and Leisure (pp. 296336).

Djanali, S. (2005). Buku 10 Tata Kelola. Departemen Pendidikan Nasional, Direktorat Jendral Pendidikan Tinggi, Direktur Pembinaan Akademik dan Kemahasiswaan.

Fatmasari, R. (2017). Good University Governance, Is It Necessary? Asian Journal of Education and E-Learning, 5(3), 103106.

Goenawan, G. (2007). Jalan Menjadi Spiritual Company. SWA. http://www.swa.co.id/swamajalah/sajian/details.php?cid=1&id=5630

Hair, Joe F., Ringle, C. M., & Sarstedt, M. (2011). PLS-SEM: Indeed a Silver Bullet. Journal of Marketing Theory and Practice, 19(2), 139152.

Hair, Joseph F., Black, W. C., Babin, B. J., & Anderson, R. E. (2014). Multivariate Data Analysis (7th ed.). Pearson Education Limited.

Jufrizen, J., Farisi, S., Azhar, M. E., & Daulay, R. (2020). Model Empiris Organizational Citizenship Behavior dan Kinerja Dosen Perguruan Tinggi Swasta di Medan. EKUITAS (Jurnal Ekonomi Dan Keuangan), 4(2), 145165. https://doi.org/10.24034/j25485024.y2020.v4.i2.4159

Misdah, M. (2016). Competitiveness of Educational Quality of the State College of Islamic Studies (Stain) Pontianak after Status Change to the State Institute of Islamic Studies (IAIN) Pontianak. Journal of Education and Practice, 7(9), 180193.

Moghadam, A. K., Makvandi, R., & Ratajczak-Mrozek, M. (2019). Investigating the relationship between Spiritual Capital and job performance with organizational citizenship behaviors in employees (evidence from Iran). Cogent Business & Management, 6(1). https://doi.org/10.1080/23311975.2019.1692484

Nasution, M. I., Fahmi, M., Jufrizen, J., Muslih, M., & Prayogi, M. A. (2020). The Quality of Small and Medium Enterprises Performance Using the Structural Equation Model-Part Least Square (SEM-PLS). Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1477(2020), 17. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1477/5/052052

Naziev, A. (2017). What is an education? International Conference : The Future of Education.

Nunnally, J. C., & Bernstein, I. H. (1994). Psychometric Theory (3rd ed.). McGraw Hill.

Radu-Gherase, C. (2009). The Influence of Leadership on Organizations Level of Competitiveness. Review of International Comparative Management, 10(5), 959967.

Robinson, V. M. J., Lloyd, C. A., & Rowe, K. J. (2008). The impact of leadership on student outcomes. An analysis of the differential effects of leadership types. Educational Administration Quarterly, 44(5), 635674. https://doi.org/10.1177/0013161X08321509

Sabandar, S. Y., Tawe, A., & Musa, C. I. (2018). The Implementation of Good University Governance in the Private Universities in Makassar (Indonesia). Revista Espacios, 39(2).

Schwartz, L. M. (2010). Enhancing Spiritual Capital on Campus: Practical Action Steps for Improving Campus Spiritual Climate. Spirituality in Higher Education Newsletter, 5(5), 16.

Sibghatullah, A., & Raza, M. (2020). The Impact of Strategic Leadership on Competitive Advantage: the Mediating Role of Ambidexterity and Information System: Evidence From Islamic Banks In Jordan. International Journal of Informatics and Information Systems, 3(2), 6780. https://doi.org/10.47738/ijiis.v3i2.67

Wuriyanti, I., Utami, H. N., & Sentanu, I. G. E. P. S. (2020). Implementation of Good University Governance Principles in Procurement of Human Resources in Brawijaya University. Wacana, 23(1), 2835.

Yudianto, I., Mulyani, S., Fahmi, M., & Winarningsih, S. (2021). The Influence of Good University Governance and Intellectual Capital on University Performance in Indonesia. Academic Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies, 10(1), 5770. https://doi.org/10.36941/ajis-2021-0006

Yukl, G., & Gardner, W. L. (2020). Leadership in Organization (9th ed.). Pearson Education.

Zohar, D. (2010). Exploring Spiritual Capital: An Interview with Danah Zohar. Spirituality in Higher Education Newsletter. Spirituality in Higher Education Newsletter, 5(5), 18.

Zohar, D., & Marshall, I. (2004). Spiritual Capital: Wealth We Can Live By. Berret-Koehler Publisher, Inc.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.30596/jimb.v23i2.11726

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
Jurnal Ilmiah Manajemen Dan Bisnis is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

  

ISSN 1693-7619 (print) | ISSN 2580-4170 (online)

 

View My Stats