Kepemimpinan transformasional dan transaksional terhadap perilaku inovatif: Mediasi oleh Variabel Psychological Empowerment

Agi Syarif Hidayat, Hilmiana Hilmiana

Abstract


and transactional leadership on innovative behavior with psychological empowerment as the moderator variable. The research method used is quantitative research methods. The population in this study were employees of the Regional Drinking Water Company (PDAM) of Cirebon City with a total population of 203 people. The sampling measurement technique used the Slovin formula with a margin of error of 10%, so the number of samples in this study was determined to be 67 respondents. The sampling technique uses the incidental sampling approach. The data collection technique used was a questionnaire with a Likert scale. The data analysis technique used is path analysis. The results showed that transformational leadership had a significant effect on innovative behavior either directly or mediated by psychological empowerment variables. The transactional leadership variable did not have a significant effect on innovative behavior either directly or mediated by psychological empowerment variables. The psychological empowerment variable has a significant effect on increasing innovative behavior.


Keywords


Kepemimpinan transformasisonal; kepemimpinan transaksional; psychological empowerment; perilaku inovatif

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aryee, S., Walumbwa, F. O., Zhou, Q., & Chad, A. (2012). Transformational Leadership , Innovative Behavior , and Task Performance : Test of Mediation and Moderation Processes Transformational Leadership , Innovative Behavior , and Task Performance : Test of Mediation and Moderation Processes. Human Performance, 25, 1–25. https://doi.org/10.1080/08959285.2011.631648

Attari, M. (2013). The impact of transformational leadership on nurse psychological empowerment. International Journal of Hospital Research, 2(2), 71–76.

Avolio, B. J., & Bass, B. M. (1995). Individual consideration viewed at multiple levels of analysis: A multi-level framework for examining the diffusion of transformational leadership. The Leadership Quarterly, 6(2), 199–218. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/1048-9843(95)90035-7

Bass, B. M., & Riggio, R. E. (2006). Transformational Leadership Second Edition. London: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers.

Dyer, J., Gregersen, H., & Christensen, C. M. (2011). The innovator’s DNA: Mastering the five skills of disruptive innovators. Harvard Business Press.

Günzel-Jensen, F., Hansen, J. R., Jakobsen, M. L. F., & Wulff, J. (2018). A two-pronged approach? Combined leadership styles and innovative behavior. International Journal of Public Administration, 41(12), 957–970. https://doi.org/10.1080/01900692.2017.1303711

Jong, J. de, & Hartog, deanne den. (2007). How leaders influence employees ’ innovative behaviour. European Journal of Innovation Management, 10(1), 41–64. https://doi.org/10.1108/14601060710720546

Kleysen, R. F., & Street, C. T. (2011). Toward a multi-dimensional measure of individual innovative behavior. Journal of Intellectual Capital, 2(3), 284–296. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1108/EUM0000000005660

Kresnandito, A. P. (2012). Pengaruh Persepsi Kepemimpinan Transformasional terhadap Perilaku Inovatif Penyiar Radio. Jurnal Psikologi Industri Dan Organisasi, 1(02), 96–103.

Lako, A. (2004). Kepemimpinan dan Kineja Organisasi. Yogyakarta: Amara Books.

Parashakti, R. D., Rizki, M., & Saragih, L. (2016). Pengaruh Kepemimpinan Transformasional Dan Budaya Organisasi Terhadap Perilaku Inovatif Karyawan (Studi Kasus Di Pt. Bank Danamon Indonesia). Jurnal Manajemen Teori Dan Terapan, 9(2), 81–96.

Pieterse, A. N., Van Knippenberg, D., Schippers, M., & Stam, D. (2010). Transformational and transactional leadership and innovative behavior: The moderating role of psychological empowerment. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 31(4), 609–623.

Pieterse, A. N., Knippenberg, D. V. A. N., Schippers, M., & Stam, D. (2010). Transformational and transactional leadership and innovative behavior: The moderating role of psychological empowerment. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 31(4), 609–623. https://doi.org/10.1002/job

Pradhan, R. K., Panda, M., & Jena, L. K. (2017). Transformational leadership and psychological empowerment. Journal of Enterprise Information Management. Journal of Enterprise Information Management, 30(1), 82–95. https://doi.org/10.1108/JEIM-01-2016-0026

Purba, S. (2009). Pengaruh Budaya Organisasi, Modal Intelektual, Dan Perilaku Inovatif Terhadap Kinerja Pemimpin Jurusan Di Universitas Negeri Medan. KINERJA, 13(2), 150–167.

Robbins, S., & Judge, T. (2008). Perilaku Organisasi. Jakarta: Salemba Empat.

Robbins, S. P., & Judge, T. A. (2018). Perilaku Organisasi. Jakarta: Salemba Empat.

Singh, M., & Sarkar, A. (2012). The Relationship Between Psychological Empowerment and Innovative Behavior A Dimensional Analysis With Job Involvement as Mediator. Journal of Personnel Psychology, 11(3), 127–137. https://doi.org/10.1027/1866-5888/a000065

Spreitzer, G. M., De Janasz, S. C., & Quinn, R. E. (1999). Empowered to lead: The role of psychological empowerment in leadership. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 20(4), 511–526.

Spreitzer, G. M. (1995). Psychological Empowerment In The Workplace : Dimensions, Measurement, And Validation. Academy of Management Journal, 38(5), 1442–1465.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30596%2Fjimb.v21i2.5125

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Jurnal Ilmiah Manajemen dan  Bisnis is abstracting & indexing in the following databases: 

       


Creative Commons License
Jurnal Ilmiah Manajemen Dan Bisnis is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

  

ISSN 1693-7619 (print) | ISSN 2580-4170 (online)

 

View My Stats