Analisis Energi Pada Alat Desalinasi Tenaga Surya

Jandri Fan HT Saragi, Eka Putra Dairi Boangmanalu, Angga Bahri Pratama, Franklin Taruyun Hudeardo Sinaga, Al Qadry, Wawan Septiawan Damanik


In recent times, many studies have been carried out on desalination systems in areas that have difficulty in obtaining clean water sources. Desalination is a method used to distill salt water or brackish water into clean water using solar power as its energy source. This desalination process is a practical alternative that can be used to offer renewable energy sources that are used to produce clean water. To perform energy analysis, the first law of thermodynamics is used as a basis. This study aims to obtain the results of the amount of energy obtained from the solar desalination system and to determine the factors that greatly affect the amount of energy obtained from the system for evaporating water. The method used in this research is an experiment by testing a solar desalination device for eight days. The results show that the highest thermal energy produced is 8.98 kWh and the lowest is 1.56 kWh, and the factors that influence the amount of thermal energy are the heat transfer coefficient and the amount of distilled water produced by the system.


Energy; desalination; water.


J. H. T. Saragi, F. H. Napitupulu, A. H. Nasution, and H. Ambarita, “Exergy analysis of double slope passive solar still,” IOP Conf. Ser. Mater. Sci. Eng., vol. 725, no. 1, 2020.

P. Durkaieswaran and K. K. Murugavel, “Various special designs of single basin passive solar still - A review,” Renew. Sustain. Energi Rev., vol. 49, pp. 1048–1060, 2015, doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2015.04.111.

M. A. Eltawil, Z. Zhengming, and L. Yuan, “A review of renewable energi technologies integrated with desalination sistems,” Renew. Sustain. Energi Rev., vol. 13, no. 9, pp. 2245–2262, 2009.

K. Sampathkumar, T. V. Arjunan, P. Pitchandi, and P. Senthilkumar, “Active solar distillation-A detailed review,” Renew. Sustain. Energi Rev., vol. 14, no. 6, pp. 1503–1526, 2010.

L. Sahota, Shyam, and G. N. Tiwari, “Analytical characteristic equation of nanofluid loaded active double slope solar still coupled with helically coiled heat exchanger,” Energi Convers. Manag., vol. 135, pp. 308–326, 2017.

A. K. Tiwari and G. N. Tiwari, “Effect of water depths on heat and mass transfer in a passive solar still: in summer climatic condition,” Desalination, vol. 195, no. 1–3, pp. 78–94, 2006.

J. F. H. Saragi and W. S. Damanik, “Energi and Exergy Efficiency of Double Slope Passive Solar Still,” J. Mech. Eng. Sci. Technol., vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 82–90, 2020.

D. B. Singh, G. N. Tiwari, I. M. Al-Helal, V. K. Dwivedi, and J. K. Yadav, “Effect of energi matrices on life cycle cost analysis of passive solar stills,” Sol. Energi, vol. 134, pp. 9–22, 2016.

K. R. Ranjan and S. C. Kaushik, “Energi, exergy and thermo-economic analysis of solar distillation sistems: A review,” Renew. Sustain. Energi Rev., vol. 27, pp. 709–723, 2013.

V. K. Dwivedi and G. N. Tiwari, “Comparison of internal heat transfer coefficients in passive solar stills by different thermal models: An experimental validation,” Desalination, vol. 246, no. 1–3, pp. 304–318, 2009.

O. Ansari, M. Asbik, A. Bah, A. Arbaoui, and A. Khmou, “Desalination of the brackish water using a passive solar still with a heat energi storage sistem,” Desalination, vol. 324, pp. 10–20, 2013.

V. K. Dwivedi and G. N. Tiwari, “Annual Energi and Exergy Analysis of Single and Double Slope Passive Solar Stills,” Trends in Applied Sciences Research, vol. 3. pp. 225–241, 2008, [Online].



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License

Jurnal Rekayasa Material, Manufaktur dan Energi  is abstracting & indexing in the following databases: 


Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Statcounter View My Stats RMME