Developments and Challenges of Language Testing: Past, Presents, and Future

Ratna Sari

Abstract


ABSTRACT: This article discusses recent developments and challenges in language testing. It starts with past, present and future parts that are applied to all measurement and frameworks in the area of Language Testing. Representation on Alderson' influential work in order to show the development of each time for evaluating language tests. It will be concisely reviewed the indication and limitations of traditional until modern assessment are compared to see the challenging of it and also the advantages and disadvantages of each type of tests. Some problems in language testing are discussed: the methods effect, classification errors, arrangement of each test, the local independence problems, and a careless attitude towards the error of measurement that happened unconsciously. This article concludes with new developments in language testing area and the problem on the context of test such as TOEFL, TOEIC, etc about four skills of English namely reading, speaking, writing and listening test.

Keywords: language testing, past, present, future assesment, error of measurement

 



References


REFERENCES

Alderson, J. C. 1981. Report of the discussion on communicative language testing. In J. C. Alderson & A. Hughes Issues in Language Testing. ELT Documents 111. London. The British Council, 55-65.

Alderson, J. C. 1993. Judgments in language testing. In C. Chappelle & D. Douglas (eds.) A new decade of language testing research. Washington, D.C., TESOL Publications.

Cronbach, L.J. 1995. A Valedictory: Reflections on 60 years in educational testing. (htpp://www2.nap.edu/htbin/ (also National Academy Press 1995)

Cronbach, L.J., R. L. Linn, R. L. Brennan, & E. Haertel 1995. Generalizability analysis for educational assessment. Evaluation Comment. Summer 1995.

Kanchana Prapphal. 2008. Issues and Trends in Language Testing and Assessment in Thailand. Chulalongkorn University, Thailand.

Laborda & Royo & Bakieva. 2016 Looking towards the Future of Language Assessment: Usability of Tablet PCs in Language Testing 2016. Spain.

Messick, S. 1992. The interplay of evidence and consequences in the validation of performance assessments. ETS Research Report RR-92-39.

North, B. 1993. Transparency, coherence, and washback in language assessment. In K. Sajavaara, R. C. Lambert, S. Takala & C. A. Morfit (eds.) National Foreign Language Planning: Practices and Prospects. The University of Jyväskylä, Institute for Educational Research, 157-193.

Wiggins, G. 1990. The case for authentic assessment. ERIC Digest ED328611.


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